Posted on: 19 July 2016
Enamel is the substance which forms the outer layer of your teeth. It has a very high mineral content which makes it very tough and helps it to protect the softer more vulnerable internal parts of the teeth. Because enamel doesn't contain any nerves or blood vessels, it isn't sensitive to changes in temperature or pain. However, enamel can be worn down and eroded. When this occurs it causes your teeth to become sensitive. If you develop sensitive teeth you make experience pain and discomfort when consuming very hot or cold food. Enamel erosion can be caused by tooth decay, aggressive brushing and frequent grinding of your teeth. Below is a guide to 3 treatments your dentist may recommend to combat sensitive teeth.
If the damaged to the enamel is relatively mild, your dentist may recommend fluoride treatment. Fluoride treatment involves the application of a gel which contains extremely high levels of fluoride. When this gel comes into contact with your saliva it forms fluorapatite which is absorbed into the damaged teeth. This helps to promote the process of remineralisation and helps to strengthen the enamel layer on the tooth, preventing and reducing sensitivity. However, fluoride isn't effective as a treatment if the tooth enamel has been severely damaged.
If you are experiencing a high degree of pain or discomfort, your dentist may also recommend that you use medication to help to desensitise your teeth. You will generally need a prescription from your dentist to obtain these medications as they are not available over-the-counter. Your dentist should explain how to apply the medicated gel directly onto the affected teeth. Desensitising medication works by helping to seal the microscopic pores which are present in the inner structure of your teeth. These pores are connected to blood vessels and nerves and act as a trigger for increased sensitivity.
If you are suffering from acutely sensitive teeth, it may be having a major impact on your quality of life. Your dentist may suggest root canal surgery. During this procedure, your dentist will remove the blood vessels, nerves and dental pulp from the inside of the affected tooth, which means that you will not longer be able to feel any sensitivity in the tooth.
If you are experiencing pain or discomfort caused by sensitive teeth, you should contact your dentist today and schedule an appointment. Your dentist will assess your dental health and recommend the best course of treatment.Share